C/C++

Did you know that C or C++ power the whole world? Yes, modern browsers (like Chrome, Firefox, etc.) and modern game engines are written in C/C++.

Thus, if you want to break into the world of programming, the first step is to learn C/C++. Every beginner should learn the basics before beginning their programming journey.

C is a structured programming language innovated by Dennis Ritchie while working at 'AT&T Bell Labs'.

C blends the features of both high and low-level languages. It allows a complicated program to be broken down into simpler programs known as ‘functions.’ C is the base of other languages like C++, Java, JavaScript, Limbo, LPC, C#, PHP, Python, Go, Rust, Perl, C-shell, and Verilog.

On the other hand, C++ is an object-oriented programming language that includes polymorphism, classes, inheritance, data abstraction, and encapsulation. It has a broad range of applications – from 3D graphics to GUI applications to real-time mathematical simulations.

C++ is ideal for advanced programmers that want to know the concepts of object-oriented programming and procedural programming.

Pros of C:

Case-sensitive
Highly portable language
Used for scripting system applications
A rich library that consists of numerous built-in functions

Pros of C++:

Highly portable, efficient and speedy language
Perfect for multi-device and multi-platform application development
Permits exception handling and function overloading
Better memory management
Large community support
Compatible with C language

If you a beginner, learning C before C++ will not be less overwhelming if you stay focused. However, in reality, mastering these two is not painful. Diving into them helps you touch the sky with flying colors and increase the chances of better career opportunities.